Frequently Asked Questions

Age spots are small, darkened areas of skin. They can range in size from freckle-sized dots to half-inch patches, and sometimes several of them can clump together to make them look even larger. These spots are darker than your natural skin, and they are flat with no texture. Age spots most frequently appear in areas of your skin that are exposed to the sun more often, like your face, neck, chest, arms, and hands. If there is something on your skin and you don’t know what it is (especially if it is new or changed), it is important to visit a qualified medical professional.

Yes. They can be hard to treat because the pigment that causes them, melanin, is located at the base of the epidermis — the topmost layer of skin — and any treatments meant to lighten the age spots must penetrate this layer of skin. Lightening them with topical creams is only partially effective and can cause itching, redness, and drying of the skin. While more aggressive treatments such as laser treatments can be very effective, there are drawbacks such as expense, pain, and downtime for healing.

Age spots seem inevitable because nearly everyone beyond middle age has at least a few, but they are avoidable. They are not actually a result of the aging process itself – they’re caused by sun exposure. When your skin is exposed to the sun, your body produces extra pigment (called melanin) to protect you from the sun’s radiation. This is what causes a tan. But over time, when your body produces too much melanin, it can stick around rather than fading when summer ends like a tan does, and this excess melanin causes age spots. The reason they generally appear at the same time as wrinkles and other signs of aging is because they’re the result of all the sun exposure your skin has accumulated over the years since childhood.

Age spots may lighten during periods of less sun exposure, but they generally will not disappear.

You can take steps to prevent age spots by avoiding sun exposure or using sunscreen properly and on a daily basis. But don’t beat yourself up. Even the most zealous sunscreen user can still get age spots.

Glacial RxTM is the first FDA-cleared dermatologic treatment that uses CryomodulationTM for the removal of benign lesions of the skin, like age spots.

CryomodulationTM harnesses the power of cold to provide suppression of the production of melanin – which is the root cause of age spots. In addition, the cooling process delivers a refreshing sensation while reducing redness and inflammation and accelerating exfoliation to reveal brighter, more radiant skin.

Melanin is the pigment that gives human skin, hair, and eyes their color. It’s produced by cells called melanocytes, which increase production in response to sun exposure.

Yes. Glacial RxTM has been studied extensively. Ratings of global aesthetic improvement show 91% and 93% of treated areas were rated as aesthetically improved at 2 months, by investigator assessment and subject assessment, respectively.

Yes, the Glacial RxTM system has been studied in over 600 clinical study subjects without any device-related serious adverse events.

Clinical trials observed only minor side effects. The most common side effects include erythema (redness), micro-crusting, and transient darkening, all of which resolve on their own.

Patients say Glacial RxTM is refreshing and relaxing.

Approximately 45 minutes, although the treatment can run longer, depending on the quantity of age spots being addressed.

More than one treatment may be needed if spots are especially dark or there are larger areas of spots to treat.

Appearance of results is typically observed within 1 month or less.

Evidence suggests melanin production slows for an extended period. Durability of result will be aided by reducing sun-exposure and an ongoing skin care routine. Over time, exposure to the sun can slowly restore the melanin production that causes age spots. Luckily, there is no limit to how many times you can do Glacial RxTM.

The Glacial RxTM System is an FDA Class II Device to be used by a trained healthcare professional.

Glacial RxTM can be used anywhere on the body.

Research has included up to Fitzpatrick Skin Type V, though treatment is best understood on Fitzpatrick Skin Types 1-3.

The cost varies by provider and may depend on the number of spots to treat and overall treatment plan. Glacial RxTM is generally more affordable than laser treatment or a year’s worth of high-end topicals.

No. Glacial RxTM works by delivering a very controlled cold treatment that is designed to avoid excessive damage.

This treatment is appropriate for any patient with a desire to improve the condition of their skin, and in particular, are motivated to reduce the appearance of age spots and other benign lesions with a comfortable alternative to facials and lasers.